3/2023 4/2023

Abdominal wall reconstruction forextensive necrosis following abdominoplastyin a patient with subcostal scars – case report

H. F. Mayer, R. M. Palacios Huatuco, T. Ruffa, H. A. Aguilar

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, University of Buenos Aires Medical School, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires University Institute, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Abdominal wall defects encompass a broad spectrum of musculo-fasciocutaneous anomalies. We present case of a 42-year-old woman with a history of multimorbidity and bilateral subcostal scars. The patient underwent incisional ventral hernia repair and abdominoplasty performed by a general surgeon at another institution. However, she developed extensive necrosis of the cutaneous-fatty panniculus between the bilateral subcostal incisions and the abdominoplasty incision. The patient presented with a medial area of 50 × 60 cm with loss of soft tissue vitality and necrotic plaques. Tangential escharotomies were performed to remove devitalized tissue, and management of the open wound included hydrocolloid and alginate dressings. Finally, a defect of 45 × 40 cm was achieved. Three tissue expanders were used to reconstruct the abdominal wall, allowing sufficient adjacent autologous tissue to be harvested for definitive correction of the abdominal defect. An acceptable aesthetic result was observed 5 years after surgery. This report highlights the importance of adequate evaluation of the previously scarred abdominal wall prior to abdominoplasty.

Key words

abdominal wall – incisional ventral hernia – tissue expansion – abdominal scars – body contouring

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